About Slate Roofing Systems

There are many different types of roof and shingle systems. One of them is slate roofing. Known for its distinctive look and tough durability, slate roofs are seen in many different types of architecture, including residential roofing. These roofs are physically heavier than those made with asphalt shingles. Roofing contractors have found a growing popularity in slate roof systems, which have become more affordable and stylish in recent years.

Colors The color of the materials depends on where the rock is mined. Because it is naturally occurring, the geographical origin plays a major role in color. The system is made of tiles in one color or a mixture of colors. Core, or basic, colors that homeowners might choose from when selecting a roof might include gray, black or red. Accent colors used often include purple, green, or a different shade of gray. Some are solid in appearance, while others are blends and have natural streaks or a marbling effect. The type of light and angle that strikes the slates surface slightly alters the colors appearance throughout the day. When ordering materials for a roof, they should be taken from the same product batch to ensure similarity in color and texture that blends well.

Material Slate is a type of rock found in nature. It comes from quarries worldwide. While the location of the material does not affect its quality, it can affect its color and texture. Synthetic slate is produced, but is not as durable or genuine as the naturally occurring rock. IT is installed in a tile-like fashion, with no cracks or crevices in between the pieces.

Durability One of the main factors in its popularity is the materials durability. It is not affected by harsh weather conditions, such as rain, snow, sleet or heat. It may fade slightly over time due to regular exposure of ultraviolet rays. This is expected and is what gives this type of roofing system part of its distinctive look. When a roofing contractor installs the system, each slate is tightly locked into place with special hangers and battens. A layer of protection beneath the slate prevents moisture and leaks, so the attic and other parts of the home stay dry.

Attachment Unlike asphalt shingles, the slate roof is not nailed into the structure. It is hung. Sturdy braces are used to support the roofs structure. With more modern innovation comes the ability to use support structures that are equally or more durable, but weigh less.

You Have a Roofing Estimate, Now What

Calling contractors and asking for estimates is the easy part; now you need to compare the estimates you received. Always ask for a detailed estimate in writing . It is impossible to make an informed decision if you are not given all of the information. Before you begin your review of the written estimates, call the Contractor references of past customers and have your notes from the ensuing conversation handy as you review each estimate.

Although the bottom line is important, never compare estimates only by the overall cost . As you review your estimate, here are some of the questions you should be asking yourself:

Review Your Roofing Estimate and compare material price vs quality. If the estimate does not contain a detailed breakdown of materials and labor, call the contractor and ask for this information. To bring in the lowest bid, your contractor may have priced your project using a lower quality roofing product which could impact the lifespan of your roof. It is always necessary to weigh the benefits of quality versus price when you are reading estimates. It may be worthwhile in the long run to pay extra now and save hassle a few years down the road.

Also pay close attention to the type of insulation and sealants that are budgeted for your project. Although the cost differential is not high between a thinner insulation product and one with more layers, the quality of the product will directly affect your costs after the roof is installed. If you use a thicker insulation, the amount of heat or cold that seeps into your home will be significantly lessened, thus lowering the amount you will be paying for air conditioning or heat.

Although it is not recommended that you climb up on your roof to measure and determine the amount of material needed, look closely at the estimate from your contractor to make sure they are bidding the correct amount of material. If the contractor has never measured your roof, but offers a decisive amount of materials to be used, ask him to justify his number. Be sure that you are paying for the amount of material you need , and not material that will never be used, or not enough material to complete the job thus running up significant unexpected costs.

If the amount budgeted for labor and “pass-through” costs such as the transportation of materials seems high, dig deeper and determine where the cost comes from. A good contractor will often charge a bit more for labor because he has the extra cost of providing training and salary to quality workmen, but be careful because oftentimes higher cost will equal a higher profit margin for the contractor and not better quality for you.

Ask for customer references and understand the responses you receive from the customer references carefully; these are the people who were so pleased with the contractor they were happy to have their name given as a reference. Have your list of questions handy when you interview a reference, and take notes of their answers.

Take detailed notes as you review each estimate, listing your questions and summarizing the overall bid and response from the customer references for each contractor. Once you finish a detailed review of each estimate, take your notes and compare the estimates . Only then will you be able to get a true comparison of what is being offered.

SkimOils TheTankMSD

If a vessel has an installed toilet, technically referred to as a marine sanitation device (MSD), it must be equipped with one of three types of MSDs. The MSDs (Type I, Type II, Type III) are designed to meet different needs and effluent level requirements. Since portable toilets can be moved on and off a vessel, they are not considered installed toilets; therefore, vessels that have portable toilets are not subject to MSDs regulations.

The Sewage Treatment Device (Standard Vessel Length) Type I, is a flow-through device (maceration and disinfection) for vessels less than 65 feet in length. The effluent produced must not have a fecal coliform bacteria count greater than 1000 per 100 milliliters and have no visible floating solids. Type I MSDs rely on maceration and disinfection for treatment of the waste prior to its discharge into the water.

Type II Flow-through devices are for vessels greater than 65 feet in length. The effluent produced must not have a fecal coliform bacteria count greater than 200 per 100 milliliters and suspended solids not greater than 150 milligrams per liter. Type II MSDs are similar to the Type I, however, the Type II devices provide an advanced micro-biological treatment and discharges wastes with lower fecal coliform counts and reduced suspended solids. It operates as/like a septic system.

Type III Holding tank for any length vessels. Type lll MSDs are designed to prevent the discharge of untreated sewage by holding these wastes. They are not treatment systems but simple holding tanks that receive sewage flushed from the marine head, that is deposited into this tank containing deodorizers and other chemicals. The contents of the holding tank are stored until it can be properly disposed of at shore-side pump out facilities. These are the stinky systems.

Skimoil, Inc.s TheTankMSD Type II Marine Sanitation Device is a compact, tough and well-balanced biological aerobic (bacteria and air) sewage treatment system. Liquid and solid wastes are removed and digested from the water by bacteria naturally contained in sewage.

TheTankMSD consists of three treatment stages: aeration, clarification, and disinfection. In the aeration chamber (stage 1), the bacteria grow and multiply using the sewage as their food supply. This action reduces the quantity and size of the solid matter. In the clarification chamber (stage 2), the bacterial floc is separated from the treated solid matter. The treated water is clear and free from solids, however, the liquid must be disinfected prior to discharge overboard to kill any disease-causing bacteria. Disinfection is accomplished in the clarification chamber (stage 3). Flow through these stages is caused by direct displacement. When new sewage flows into the aeration chamber, an equal volume flows through the clarification chamber. This volume, in turn, displaces an equal volume from the clarification chamber into the disinfection chamber, and overboard. No internal sewage pumps are necessary.

Skimoil, Inc.s TheTankMSD Marine Sanitation Device is a very efficient, low profile/compact MSD system, designed specifically for easy retrofit / refit into small spaces, for processing sanitary wastes from workboat crew sizes from 2-30 persons (56-220 gpd). This USCG/IMO certified Type II MSD also meets EPA regulations. Skimoil, Inc.s compact and tough TheTankMSD MSD system , has no moving parts and few requirements for maintenance; if maintenance or repairs become necessary, no special tools are required. With low 110V power/utility consumption and built in chlorinator, TheTankMSD is a tough, very well built, reasonably priced Type ll MSD designed to fit in small and even tight spots. It operates with fresh or salt water. Odor and excess sludge are not a problem with a well-balanced MSD system. Aerobic bacteria are not the smelly ones.

Skimoil, Inc.s TheTankMSD systems, TTM #400 TTM #1200 TTM # 1600 can be one of the best choices for efficiency /simplicity and economy when it comes to refitting or new installations of MSDs / Marine Sanitation Devices.

Each of Skimoils TheTankMSD system comes with starter kit of bacteria and nutrients bundle for quick startup at full capacity. TheTankMSD is built like a tank and is a solid simple system SSS.

For more information about marine sanitation devices by SkimOil Inc., please call (314) 579-9755, email at or see online at : www.TheTankMSD.com

Learn to Measure Your Roof and Save Money!

As a homeowner, it is important to know how much a contractor may charge for the repair or replacement of the roof of a home. An owner should know how to measure the size of the roof as well as the length of the valleys, dormers, and ridge vents to compare against any estimates that are received.

Armed with the knowledge about basic measurements, a homeowner can approximate the amount of material needed for the replacing of a roof. That knowledge can save a homeowner from the result of a miscalculation as anyone can make mistakes when calculating an estimate, even expert contractors. Knowing this simple calculation result, a homeowner can correct a contractor on the spot if there are any major discrepancies on the square footage of the roofing area.

Basic Mathematics

When measuring the roof, the result is expressed in squares. In geometry, one square is equivalent to one hundred square feet (1 = 100 square feet). So, to determine the area of a triangle, this simple geometrical equation must be remembered: area is equivalent to the length of the base times the height of the triangle in feet divided by two. The equation should look like this; (b x h)/2. For example, 40-foot (h) x 40-foot (b) divided by 2 is 40 x 40 divided by 2 equals 800 sq. feet or 8 squares.

In order to get the correct estimated measurement of the house-top, one needs to have an aerial view or rough sketch of the roof and divide it into different sections.

Step 1: Measuring Overall Area

One must first draw a diagram of the house-top. A person must get a 100-foot measuring tape, a pencil, some paper and an assistant. The assistant will hold the tip of the measuring tape while the homeowner checks and records the measurements. The sketch should include the ridge, valleys, dormers, vents, chimneys and pipes. Begin at one corner on a side and measure the dimension of the exterior walls, measuring both width and length. Most roofs have an area that extends out to cover and protect exterior walls and side known as overhangs. The overhang must be measured and added to the completed dimensions. Then the measurement should be transposed onto the diagram.

Step 2: Measuring the Pitch

The pitch is basically the steepness of a roof and is measured by determining the rise in inches per every 12 inches of horizontal length. To arrive at a multiplier that will figure into the calculations, pitch can be divided into 3 categories: low, medium and high. Low pitch is a roof that can easily be walked and the multiplier would be 1.15 to 1.25. Medium would be a rise of 5 to 9 feet for every 12 inches and would result in a multiplier of 1.25 to 1.4. The high or steep slope category covers a rise that is greater than 9 feet for every 12 inches and gives a multiplier of 1.7 and higher.

Step 3: Final Computation

After getting the dimensions, roof pitch and multiplier, the size of a homes house-top can be calculated. Take the computed overall area in square feet and multiply it by the pitch multiplier. For example, the ground dimension is equivalent to 1,104 square feet and the roof pitch is low at 1.15. The resulting equation should look like: 1,104 x 1.15 = 1,270 sq. feet. Therefore, the estimated amount of material needed for the roof is 12.7 squares. It can also be calculated by looking at the original square footage of 1,104 or 11 squares x 1.15 = 12.65. Either calculation represents the estimated squares needed for the replacement job.

Knowing how to measure a roof can give a homeowner the ability to make sure any estimate given by a contractor is very accurate and this can calculate into a large monetary savings. So learn the right way to measure that house-top and translate that information into accurate replacement cost!

Roofing Contractors in Nova Scotia

Keeping the home well maintained and cared for at all times is known to be a process filled with stresses and complications of all kinds. There are usually many facets of this process that can become overwhelming for anyone involved as well as being very expensive in varied degree. People considering this process should know what to consider when choosing a great roofing company Nova Scotia to ensure they gain as much from this process as possible.

Roofs are known to serve an integral source of function and appeal for anyone involved with it today. This is the portion of the home that creates protection from the outside elements along with the structural integrity for the remainder of the structure. Issues that are found in this segment of the house should be left to a professional to address.

The entire Nova Scotia is currently home to quite a few companies that are trained and skilled in this area of the maintenance. This is known to provide a significant amount of variety as well as complication which should all be sorted through successfully. Factoring in a few key components helps ensure that a great choice is ultimately made.

A very noted consideration in going through with this choice is making sure the business performs a free consultation. Consultations are always crucial in that it determines the issue and what is required for repairs. This should be offered at reduced fees to the owner.

The business being considered should also offer all materials that are required for the project at a discounted rate. Most supplies that are necessary for repairs are reputed to be very costly when added up. Make sure those being considered offer wholesale discounts whenever possible.

If You have already found a roofing contractor that you feel is dependable, fair and qualified and have negotiated what you think is a fair price. It’s time to sign the agreement for the work to start.

Wait! Before you agree to anything you want to go over five things with your contractor. Trust me, taking a little extra time and checking these details will save you a lot of headache in the future.

Do Not Pay the Total Amount Up Front

It is smart to pay in stages as the work progresses. If you pay in advance you might never see the guys again (worst case scenario but it happens).

Split it up in three stages. As one phase has been created you give them a portion of the total cost of the roof. Of course it is standard practice for them to get 30% up front to pay for materials and supplies.

Make Sure Quality Materials Are Being Used

You are paying a lot for a new roof and you need to make sure quality materials that will hold up are being used. Many times a roofing company will be able to offer a lower bid because they are using inferior materials. A good installation with quality materials will equal a roof that lasts 20 years but using inferior materials could half that lifespan.

Are They Doing the Work or Subcontracting It Out

You want to find out who will be coming to your home. If there is a problem will you be speaking with another company who was hired by the general contractor or the actual people you signed the contract with.

Ideally you do not want a subcontractor doing the work. The whole chain of command is messed up. If you have a problem, for any reason, with the people doing work at your home you do not know who to call. Everyone will say they are not the ones in charge and pass the blame.

Payment Terms

Here is a suggestion. Pay for your new roof with your credit card so that you can get air miles. A typical rewards ticket cost 25,000 miles so a new roof will get you close. The problem is that many contractors do not take credit cards because they do not want to absorb the 2% fee they are charged.

Nevertheless, if they allow it I would do it that way. If not then I would recommend you pay with a post- dated check.

Finally, a roofing company Nova Scotia should only be chosen based upon pricing. Many professionals charge high hourly rates plus the cost of supplies. Seek out professionals that combine and discount these rates whenever possible.

How To Build A Roof Garden

The concept of a roof garden is not a new one. In fact, it is centuries old!. If you live in an urban area, your dreams of having a garden may be difficult to achieve. Not so if you consider a roof garden!

More and more communities are encouraging their residents to plant roof gardens. The environmental and psychological benefits are numerous. Not only is gardening a calming and relaxing activity, which can reduce stress related illnesses, it also has great benefits for the environment. Building a rood garden on your home or apartment building decrease storm water runoff, reduce fire risks, help decrease heating and cooling costs and can protect your roof from the effects of ultra-violet light and frost.

There are three types of roof gardens and the three types related to the amount of maintenance they require, the depth of soil and the type of plants they will support. They are: Extensive living roofs These are easy to maintain and use little soil. Extensive living roofs are lightweight and lend themselves well for use on sheds, garages and small extensions. As they tend to be harsh environment, suitable plants are ones that are found on cliffs or other harsh environments. While this type of roofs gardens are the easiest to maintain, they also have the least visual appeal. Semi-extensive living roofs These garden roofs are more decorative as they have deeper soils which can support a greater variety of plants. However, the increased soil depth makes these types of roof garden more heavy, so a sound structure is require to support them. They combine the relatively low maintenance of extensive living roofs with a more appealing appearance. Intensive living roofs These are full-fledged gardens and require large and strong support structures.

One of the main considerations when planning a roof garden is the roof itself. While flat roofs lend themselves the best to roof gardens, it is also possible to green pitched, barreled and domed roofs. An easy access to the roof is also important as I am sure you would not be able to enjoy your roof garden as much if you have to climb a ladder every time you want to look at it. The roof must able be able to support heavy loads. Wet soil can weight about eighty pounds per square foot.

Make sure you install a waterproof membrane to avoid ending up with a wet ceiling. The two most commonly used materials are thermoplastic sheeting or rubberized asphalt. As I am certain that you will not want to dig up your garden to replace the membrane every few years, make sure you select a product that is extremely durable. The next layer should be a filter sheet that will allow the moisture to drain off the roof while ensure that the fine material do not escape. Next comes the moisture blanket which will ensure that an extensive live roof garden has enough moisture to support life. Commercial ones can be purchased however it is also possible to use cardboard or old blankets to the same effect.

The following layer will be a drainage layer. Similar to the moisture blanket, it will help retain moisture while allowing excess water to drain away. They are usually made of plastic or geotextile materials. The top layer will be the soils and substrates. These should be lightweight and freedraining yet retain moisture. One such option is an aggregates mixed with light sub-soild such as crushed porous brick or limestone chippings. Finally come the seeds and plants. The possibilities are limited only by your imagination and the environment. Happy gardening!

Various Atlanta Roofing Remedies

It is obvious to change the decoration of your home after few years. For all these gutter cleaning, siding and roofing is very important. In Atlanta, there are plenty of opportunities you can get regarding renovation of your home in affordable price. Roofing is one of the major and costly services and that is why it is very important to choose the proper roof Atlanta service to repair the damages. In this article, we are going to discuss about various facts regarding renovating your home. Atlanta gutter cleaning services and Atlanta siding services can help you to renovate your house easily and without facing much trouble.

The first thing is to clean the gutter. Try to clean your house with power wash once in every year. Dirty gutters can make your home look terrible and all the beauty away from your home. A strong degreaser is very important to clean the gutters properly. If you failed to clean the entire gutter easily then goof off can be used to remove them properly. But if you feel that they are so dirty that nothing can bring back the previous look in it then it is a better idea to replace them with a new one. If you are using degreaser then do not rush. Put the degreaser and then give it some time. After some time remove the gutter and you will get back the cleanness you want.

There are many people who give up immediately after noticing the water damage. But, they must contact the professional immediately after they see the problem. Initially you may just see water leaking and suddenly one day you may have realised that the problem has become much bigger than you have thought. After a storm there are bigger possibilities for your roof to get damaged. You need not start repairing the roof until the storm gets over. You can always opt for a new roof but that means a lot of expenses which is not always affordable. Why investing in to a new roof when little bit of maintenance can solve all your troubles.

You must contact good Atlanta roofing contractors who can provide you the best of the services. Guttering and siding is very crucial parts of your roofing process. The outer covering is known as siding and it protects your roof and the walls from various weather effects. You can opt for Atlanta siding too. Atlanta siding is available in various forms like metal, masonry, wood, plastic and some other composite materials. Steel and copper is popularly used as roofing materials all over. You can zinc covers with steel also. If you want long lasting roof then you must keep a close eye on the ventilation. It plays a crucial part in roof maintenance. If there is no roof ventilation then overheated attics can damage the roof and obviously everyone wants the roof to be protected and safe. Many home owners have some misconceptions regarding the roofing costs. You just need to be a little cautious about the payment, insurances and replacement costs. If you search thoroughly you can find plenty of affordable options for your roofs.